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Malaria In Children – Leadership Newspaper

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Malaria is a disease caused by a plasmodium parasite, transmitted by the bite of infected mosquitoes. One of the leading causes of deaths in children between 1-5 years of age.

Its reported that more than 1.5 million cases occur yearly in Nigeria.

Malaria kills one child every 30 seconds, about 3000 children every day. Over one million people die from malaria each year, mostly children under five years of age, with 90 per cent of malaria cases occurring in Sub-Saharan Africa. An estimated 300-600 million people suffer from malaria each year.

Malaria is typically found in tropical and subtropical climates where the parasites can live. Thae World Health Organization (WHO) states that, in 2016, there were an estimated 216 million cases of malaria in 91 countries.

In the United States, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) report 1,700 cases of malaria annually. Most cases of malaria develop in people who travel to countries where malaria is more common.

According to Dr.Anya Samuel in Abuja most cases of illnesses brought to the hospital is related in some way with malaria and often times it is malaria itself.

“Malaria is a life-threatening disease. It’s typically transmitted through the bite of an infected Anopheles mosquito. Infected mosquitoes carry the Plasmodium parasite. When this mosquito bites you, the parasite is released into your bloodstream and spreads to other parts of the body he said.

He noted that there were few common symptoms aside some that might not be easily detected” common symptoms we observed in patients high fever profuse sweating,headache,nausea,vomiting,abdominal pain,diarrhea and even muscle pain.

Prevention

Sleep under mosquito treated net.

And go to the nearest health centre in your vicinity when these symptoms are observed.


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